Following are some of the common parts of a wooden pallet
- Deck boards: these are thin strips of wood usually 1.5cm in thickness and 8am wide, for example. Decking boards cover the top and bottom surfaces of the pallet. These are responsible for bearing all the weight of the products placed on them.
- Stringer: these are thick wood posts that hold the pallet wood decking boards together but in some pallets decking boards are used as stringers especially when decking boards are joined using chip board blocks.
- Blocks: the blocks are similar to the stringers but are cubical in shape and and made up of chip board and are used to join the decking boards together using nails.
Wooden pallet types
Block wooden pallet
The deck boards are nailed together using chipboard blocks and because of this a decking board is used as a stringer for this type of pallet.
Double face pallet
The pallet is called a double faced pallet because both the surfaces of the pallet can be used to load products. Because of this design, both the surfaces have the same number of decking boards.
Double wing pallet
This type of pallet is similar to the “Double face wooded pallet” but has the deck boards extending beyond the stringers and are not flush with the stringers.
Flush wooden pallet
These are similar to the ‘Double faced wooden pallet’ but the deckboards are flush with the stringers.
Two way stringer pallet
These pallets can be lifted from only two sides because the remaining two sides are covered by the stringers.
Four way stringer pallet
These pallets can be lifted by a forklift from all the four sides because there are two openings on all the four sides. The deck boards are normally joined using stringer deck boards and chip boards so that the sides are not covered. Because of this design, these are really difficult to take apart.
These pallets can be used on only one side. The top surface will have more number of deck boards compared to the bottom surface.
These pallets have the same number of deck boards on both the sides. Both the sides can be used for stacking items
Single face wood pallet
These pallets have deck boards on only one side while the other side is open. Because of this design, the decking boards are normally joined using thick stringers
Single wing wood pallet
These pallets are named so because they have deck boards on the top surface that overhang from the stringers while the other side could be joined by a few or no deck boards.
Skid wood pallet
These pallets are called so because there are decking boards only on the top surface.
Solid deck pallet
These pallets don’t have decking boards, instead they have a solid surface made from plywood on one side or both sides and the plywood surfaces are normally joined by chip board blocks using nails.
How to break these pallets
All the pallets that have chip board blocks are normally difficult to break because a large number of nails are used to join the blocks with the decking boards. So, extracting all the decking boards intact is not always possible.
While extracting wood from these pallets, you must first target and extract all the decking boards that are not directly nailed to the chip board block. Once done, the rest of the stringers and decking boards must be cut out using a jig-saw or a circular saw. If you try to pry the decking boards and stringers fixed to chip board blocks using a tool, the wood will almost always crack because the joins are too strong.
All the pallets where the decking boards are directly joined to a thick stringer are easy to break because only a few nails are using to join the decking board to the stringers. For these types of pallets, a pallet wrecker or a crowbar can be used to easily extract almost all the decking boards and the stringers.
Pallet breaker tool suggestions: –Roughneck ROU64640 Demolition and Lifting Bar
For more tool options, click here.